Essay on South Africa

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South Africa

The Republic of South Africa is located on the southern tip of the continent of Africa. It is slightly less than twice the size of Texas, about 1,223,201 square kilometers. Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland run from west to east along South Africa’s northern border. The country of Lesotho lies entirely within the borders of South Africa and is completely landlocked. The South Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean surround the southern coast. South Africa is divided into nine provinces: the Northern Province, Kwazulu/Natal, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, the North West Province, the Western Cape, the Northern Cape and the Eastern Cape. South Africa also has three capital cities: Pretoria serves as the
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The government used aerial photography for the first time to count the population where government officials couldn't access. A count of 30,986,920 citizens was reported. In 1992, the United Stated Bureau of the Census estimated that the total population of South Africa at 40.6 million people. In 1994, the South African government estimated it at 40.4 million after all ten homelands were included. That same year the United Stated Bureau of the Census estimated the total population at 43.9 million. In 1996 the population was estimated at 37,859,000, which is about 10 percent below the projections from earlier censuses. The South African Institute of Race Relations had also estimated that the population was 75.2 percent black, 13.6 percent white, 8.6 percent colored and 2.6 percent Asian (Library of Congress, 48).

According to the Development Bank of South Africa, population growth declined from about 2.9 percent per year in the 1980’s to 2.4 percent in 1995. Today the population growth rate is estimated at 1.32 percent. Population growth was about 2.6 percent for blacks, 2.2 percent for coloreds, 1.9 percent for Asians and 1.0 percent for whites. The government estimates that by the year 2025 the population will have doubled.

Life expectancy at birth was 62.7 years for males and 68.3 years for females in 1996. They both have lowered in 1999 to 52.68 years for males and 56.9 years for females. Life expectancy also varies by race. Life

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