South Africa's Apartheid Policy

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South Africa's Apartheid Policy of 1948 Nazi practices during World War II were so horrific that many countries began to feel shame about internal racial problems in home countries. In France, the United Kingdom, and the United States liberal politicians and intellectuals began to condemn racism against non-whites and push for civil rights reforms. South Africa, however, did not follow the same route. The White minority of South Africa decided to build a state based on total "separation" (apartheid) of whites and blacks where the former would totally dominate the latter in political, economic, and social spheres. The policy of apartheid would eventually be condemned by civil rights advocates around the world as "the most repressive government since Nazi Germany" (Robinson, 1985). Apartheid was built on racism, discrimination, and oppression of the majority by the minority. But as a policy it began after the end of World War II in a particular context of the nation. The defeat of Nazi Germany inspired former colonies around the world to demand equal rights and rise up against their former colonial masters. Fearing that South Africa's natives could demand equality, the ruling White minority began to push for a policy of exclusion. A protestant cleric named Daniel Francois Malan, representing the Afrikaner Nationalist Party, called for apartheid and won the elections in 1948. Malan became the first Prime Minister of the country. In its official statement on March 29, 1948,
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