South Korea 's 1998 ' Sunshine Policy

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South Korea’s 1998 “Sunshine Policy” was intended to alleviate historical strain and improve political communication with North Korea. By encouraging collaboration and providing economic support, South Korean President Kim Dae Jung hoped to rebuild broken connections with North Korea with the end goal of peaceful co-existence. In response to this new foreign policy and prospect of reunification, many South Korean directors took matters into their own hands and started to experiment with films that featured both North and South Korean characters. Two such directors were Kang Je-gyu and Park Chan-wook, who both used military films to express their opinions on joint North and South Korea relations. Since the two countries have historically been separate, the interesting challenge that Directors Je-gyu and Chan-wook had to face was how to incorporate both parties using filmic aspects of misé-en-scene. For example, should both characters appear in the same shots and frames? Should the South Korean characters get more screen time than their North Korean counterparts? In order to address this challenge, the directors had to consider the three manifestations of space: liminality, interstitiality, and marginality. In his Betwixt and Between: The Liminal Period in Rites de Passage, Victor Turner, the father of interpretive anthropology, loosely defines these terms in the context of two separate communities. A ‘liminal individual’ does not occupy a space in either community, an
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