The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) response to the Northridge earthquake was almost immediate with the assistance of two urban search and rescue teams and the support from FEMA continued to grow after that (DeBlasio et al,. (2002). During the first week of rebuilding the Federal government provided an aid package to support the rebuilding needs of the area impacted by the earthquake. The aid package was broken down int several categories of recipients of the money with the two largest being money for FEMA and money of the Federal Highway Association. FEMA received $3.9 million and the Federal Highway Association received $1.35 billion (Eugene, 2010) According to Eugene (2010) the Federal Emergency Management Agency also provided assistance for
California Earthquakes California’s unique geography as a state makes it a very appealing place to call home. From the odd east to west transverse San Gabriel mountain ranges of the Los Angeles Basin, to the bumpy coastal ranges of the Bay Area, any person can find a compatible topographic terrain to their liking. California may seem to be the perfect place to live with its ideal climate and extensive geographic features. However, due to California’s location over the shifting continental plates, coupled with its enormous and also multiple faults, at any time this great state can fall victim to a seismic disaster. After examining evidence from both Rong-Gong Lin’s II Los Angeles Times article of April 18, 2016 and the NOVA videos Killer Quake ( 2006), Earthquake (2007), as well as Geologic Journey II – Episode 3 (The Pacific Rim: Americas) – Part 3 (San Francisco) and The Great San Francisco Earthquake (American Experience ~ 2005), one can take a comparative account of the three major earthquakes of California’s past. Although each earthquake was very devastating on is own; the Great Quake 0f 1906, the Loma Prieta quake of 1989, and the NorthRidge quake of 1994 each amounted to an extensive forfeiture of property and life. Each of these earthquakes created much suffering and loss. It is imperative for each citizen of this great state to understand the damage that a California quake can actually do and be prepared; for the threat of one always looms.
The San Francisco Earthquake Heavily damaged buildings in the Marina District of San Francisco Heavily damaged buildings in the Marina District of San Francisco House destroyed by Loma Prieta earthquake A house in the mountains north of Santa Cruz, California, destroyed
Have you ever been in a deadly earthquake? In 2013, the people of the Philippines experienced one. A 7.1 magnitude earthquake that affected around 43,000 people with 2,211 aftershocks that ended up killing a total of 185 people. Earthquakes are known as one of the most dangerous natural disasters. This horrific event happened October 15th, 2013. The earthquake hit hardest in the central Philippines, it was reported to be caused by the East Bohol Fault. People act in a response to a natural disaster by gathering resources, spreading word, and government aid.
The Northridge earthquake in southern California used a bottom up process. The local and state government reacted swiftly and then the federal Government stepped up immediately after. The earthquake reached a magnitude of 6.7 and the rumblings were felt across the state impacting 214,000 square Kilometers. Rescue missions and inspections were done right after the quake and directed local citizens to safe areas. Even though the government reacted appropriately there was a small gap between the population and the governmental action. Citizens overestimated the relief efforts and felt that they were unable to address some of the critical issues cause by the earthquake. People in California were used to disasters and handled the situation to the
The following paper is on the economic effects of the Cascadia subduction fault line earthquake. This earthquake is predicted to happen within the next fifty years, and it's predicted to devastate everything west of Interstate 5. The earthquake can range from a 8.0 magnitude to a 9.2 magnitude, and will impact "some hundred and forty thousand square miles... and some seven million people" (Schulz).
The earthquake that rocked Kobe, Japan in 1995 veered Japanese culture into another direction in regard to mental healthcare. Remembered as the Great Hanshin Earthquake, the 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck # regions and claimed the lives of 6,400 (Baba et al.,1996). At least 55,000 people were placed in shelters, and among them included mothers, children, the elderly, and disabled (Baba et al.,1996). The demographics mentioned are specified because of research suggesting each group had pre-existing conditions or heightened stress that became exacerbated due to disaster-related trauma. As emotional suffering became so vast, many in positions of power could not overlook the emotional devastation caused by the disaster. However, they continued
Even though FEMA has made progress, there is additional work needed in several areas. The response of the storm exposed challenges in how FEMA coordinated Federal agencies, State officials, and preparing and deploying it staff. For example, “difficulties with issuing mission assignment in a timely manner, implementation of incident management
Every time the earth shakes or I see bubbles in a glass of tap water the question comes to mind, why? Growing up in California earthquakes are a common occurrence, people from other states joke about California falling off into the ocean. This is something most of us Californians have accepted and continue to wait for the big one to happen. As with earthquakes, I never gave a second thought about our drinking water until now. I find I question the taste of it and make sure the filters are changed out on a regular basis. Now reading and listening to the news reports about what’s happening in different parts of the world regarding Hydraulic Fracturing or Fracking and what it’s doing to the earth and ground water in those areas is disturbing.
Arch C. Johnston and Eugene S. Schweig researched the New Madrid seismic activities of 1811-1812 and concluded that: The first earthquake was likely caused by slippage along a fault within the Blytheville arch and along the Bootheel fault. The length of the two reactivated fault segments was around 140 kilometers
When Does Help Come? “Sometimes, you think a storm is coming to rain on your parade, it’s actually there to water your garden.” -Rob Hill Sr. On October 15, 2013 a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck the Phillippines. There were 2,211 aftershocks with a total of US$23 million damaged. On October 20,
The Northridge earthquake in 1994 caused widespread damage to not only the northern ridge area of Los Angeles but created major transportation issues for surrounding communities.
On April 17, 2013 the disaster of West, TX was an ammonium nitrate explosion at a fertilizer storage and distribution facility. The explosion killed 15 and 200 other people were injured. According to the United States Geological Survey, the explosion was recorded as a 2.1-magnitude tremor. 350 homes and buildings were damaged or destroyed, including three schools, an apartment complex and a nursing home. The last time the plant had been inspected by OSHA (Occupational safety and Health Administration) was in 1985. The force of the explosion was 7.5-10 tons of TNT. The injuries that were seen included typical 'blast injuries': punctured lungs, bowels, eardrums and wounds caused by flying shrapnel and debris. Some had broken bones and head injuries
EARTH SCIENCE LAB 7: EARTHQUAKES & VOLCANOES (Shake n Bake) Activity 7.1 In the past few years, seismologists have recorded an increase in the number of earthquakes
Current Event: The Positive and Negative Elements of Disaster Recovery The devastating damage and impact Hurricane Harvey had on the Houston happened several months ago, yet there are still countless problems the Houston area is still facing. One of these problems that is described in this article is the delay in obtaining the $10 billion that was approved by Congress to be used for long-term flood recovery. Currently, that money has not reached local governments in Texas, which is causing homeowners and other investors to be in a state of speculation and uncertainty. Leaders in communities throughout Texas are contemplating various methods that could remove individuals from homes in the flood risk areas such as using eminent domain or canceling flood insurance policies. These measures are being considered because leaders are concerned they are missing out on possible buyout opportunities.