South vs. South

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April 27, 2013 South vs. the South One of the most controversial and bloodiest wars to have ever taken place was fought by a nation separated in two to decide the fate of slavery in America. The Union Army of the North would go on to win the war, but they didn’t do it alone. It took a great three-part strategy that relied heavily on southern citizens being loyal to the Union cause, Divisions that emerged before the war that helped shape the Union, and Anti-confederate groups who helped cripple the South, all playing a role in the Union’s victory in the Civil War. The Union Army’s strategy of the Civil War consisted of three parts and was very simple; but if all three were not completed, it would spell disaster for the North. The first…show more content…
Southern Unionism only added to the North’s manpower and resources, putting them closer to confederate lines. Before war ever broke out between the Union and the Confederacy, there was another fight going on over slavery in the pre-Civil War South. It is here that the borderlines would be drawn deciding the North from the South for the upcoming war. It took place in the Middle and Southern Border States and the Lower South. The Southern Border States were located in and around Kentucky and Missouri where the majority of the communities were “white belt”. These were communities “with 5 percent or fewer slaves” (Freehling 20). In the Lower Sothern States located around Louisiana and Mississippi were “black belt” communities whose population was made up of twenty percent or more of slaves. Caught in between them was the Middle Border States located near and around Virginia and Arkansas. This is where slavery had declined dramatically throughout the 1800’s making most of its inhabitants neutral. The non-slaveholders in the “white belt” areas saw slavery as unnecessary and wrong because they were able to make a living without slaves through factories. In theses areas, runaway slaves were often given their freedom. This increased the amount of runaway slaves. According to Freehling, “5,000 runaways a year” (27). This hurt the “black belt” communities where slaves were
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