Soviet Family Code and Women

548 WordsJan 26, 20182 Pages
Reproductive rights and daycare became capital in soviet society as more and more women were entering the workforce and receiving an education. The direct influence of the early Soviet Rule on women’s employment was modest as the foundations for the professionalization of women had been laid on decades before the October 1917 Revolution. Furthermore, the two World Wars greatly impacted women employment by opening up new fields for them. The Industrial Revolution of the end of the nineteenth century marked the first massive entry of women in the industrial workforce. Indeed, they provided “an inexpensive supply of unskilled labor” (Lapidus 1978). Women primarily worked in the industry, with an emphasis on textile and garments which were respectively 68% and 80% women dominated fields in 1932, (Heitlinger 1979). Women also represented the majority of “education, sciences and scientifical services” employees, representing between 54% and 58% of the labor force between 1929 and 1940 (Sacks 1977). World War I by draining young able-bodied men emptied factories and gave the opportunity to women to access male dominated fields (“from 26.6 percent of the workforce in 1914, the proportion of women in the industry as a whole rose to 43.2% by 1917” (Engel 2004)). The predominance of women in education can be explained by the dramatic increase of access to education for women between the end of the nineteenth century and 1917. Before the Revolution, education was gender segregated.
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