(Doc C). Next, Winston Churchill’s recollection of the Potsdam Conference also emphasized the need to end the war before Soviet intervention. It seemed to be a mutual agreement between the U.S. and Britain that the two powers should not need the Red Army to end the war with Japan (Doc E). Finally, nuclear physicist Leo Szilard’s recollection of a 1945 meeting between James Byrnes and a group of concerned atomic scientists supports the idea that America dropped the atomic bomb to intimidate the U.S.S.R. The scientists were very concerned about the rapid spreading of Russian influence in Europe, which probably contributed to the U.S. policy of containment. Due to this fear, James Byrnes and the atomic scientists believed that demonstrating the bomb would make the Soviet Union more manageable in Europe. One can also argue that this approach can be related the John Foster Dulles theory of massive retaliation, which is the belief that the threat of “massive of retaliation” with nuclear weapons would stop Soviet aggression. Therefore, one can argue that the dropping of the atomic bomb was a diplomatic measure calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union and one can argue that this idea was backed by the theories of containment and massive retaliation.
Because of all of the fears the Americans obtained from the Soviet Union and their communism, the U.S. government began to scour for Soviet Union spies attempting to purloin top-secret atomic weapons information and deliver it to the Soviet Union to assume their enemy’s next move. According to the text,“Evidence of a spy ring operating within the U.S. was quickly discovered. In 1950, the U.S. learned that David Greenglass, a machinist who assisted in building atomic bombs for the military in New Mexico, had
When the Soviet Union came into possession of a nuclear bomb, the realization that the horrific aftermath, much like the one in Hiroshima, could happen in America struck fear into Americans.
Now you may be wondering about who these spies were, well one successful spy was Mary Bowser. There is not a lot of records on Mary, not even her actual birthday. However Mary was a Union spy and known as the best civil war spy. She had her own spy network and got a job as a servant in the confederate white house. She would clean the desk of Davis and was always had one eye our for information. She would use the same bakery man that Miss Van Lewis would use to transfer information. After the civil war Mary became a teacher for the free slaves and all of her records were disposed so she doesn't get
Spies meant a lot to our country and to the British colony.”Bakeless. Spies of the revolution. Place of publication not identified: Harpercollins, 1962. Print”. There is many spies who were caught but some lived to tell their story. No one really knows why someone would risk their life for really nothing in return. But we are glad they did. Now that the spies made history back in the early days of war, spies still exist. They are usually rare because we have so much better technology. Like drones, many bots, etc. Invisible letters are not used in today’s society nor are mask letters. Most likely because of the modern society’s knowledge and they are more cautious than the old days. We would like to
Because of this, the worry and fear about a nuclear attack starting growing worldwide. The Soviet Union were developing their weapons and advancing their technology for it at startling rates. At their peak in 1985, the Soviet Union had stockpiled about 39,197 nuclear warheads, while the United States stockpiled 31,139 nuclear warheads at their peak in 1965. To protect Canada’s citizens and homeland, the Canadian government built nuclear fallout shelters called Emergency Government Headquarters between the 1950s and 1960s. They were also called “Diefenbunkers”, named after the Prime Minister of the day, John Diefenbaker. This was an important step for Canadians because it provided reassurance and ensured that while they were helping other countries during the war, its own citizens would be safe. The Canadian government also defended itself from the possible spread of communism by inaugurating a project called PROFUNC which stood for “PROminent FUNCtionaries of the communist party”. The objective of this top-secret plan was to track and observe any Canadians who were suspects of “crypto-communism”, which would allow for quick imprisonment of those suspects if a war were to break out. This project was crucial because when war broke out, the real crypto-communists wouldn’t be able to spread their beliefs and try and start a
Many individuals do not realize that part of the Cold War began on Canadian ground. Major reasons of concern started with the Gouzenko affair (Parks, 2009). A man by the name of Igor Gouzenko stated allegations against a spy ring saying these Canadian communists were handing out secretive information
By September, 1944, before Roosevelt’s death, the threat of a nuclear arms race and possible retaliation for the use of this weapon is already a point of concern. The Office of Scientific Research and Development’s memorandum to Secretary of War Henry Stimson outlines some of the dangers the United States and Great Britain face in continuing the secret development of this “art”. Realizing this technology in the hands of the Soviet Union or other countries, especially defeated enemies, would make highly populated cities especially vulnerable. They also concluded that there was a high possibility of a “major power, or former major power undertaking this development.” The threat of the Soviet Union or Germany developing this weapon was a
In a nutshell, these arguments surround the notion that Truman had taken over Roosevelt’s policies. These policies were driven by the determination to end the war with minimal U.S. casualties. However, dropping the atomic bombs would also in a sense serve as a “diplomatic bonus” where the Soviets were concerned. Moreover, Bernstein attempts to explain the reasons for why alternative methods hadn’t been seriously considered and whether or not these methods could have been successful at the time (Major Problems in the History of World War II, pg.
Only a handful of people knew about the bomb or the research on the use of atomic energy for military purposes. Now Truman had been informed about the best kept secret of World War II.
In 13 economical and clearly written chapters that rely mainly on secondary accounts and published documenta-ry collections along with some archival sources, Daigler covers the key specifc topics of the intelligence war in the broad areas of espionage, covert action, and coun-terintelligence: the Boston Mechanics spy ring and the British penetration agent in its midst, Benjamin Church; martyr-spy Nathan Hale; France’s sub rosa provision of essential military aid; Benjamin Franklin’s propaganda and other covert activities as “chief of Paris Station”; George Washington’s intuitive grasp of the intelligence business and his clever use of deception and disinforma-tion to choose the right moment to strike at while keep-ing away from the always stronger
support 3: After we dropped the atomic bombs no one else went after the secret but Russia one of our people treasoned this country and sold our atomic bomb blueprints to Russian engineers (dead hand pages 293-295)
President Truman’s bravery in dropping the atomic bomb is and always will be one of the most significant events in American history. At the time of Truman coming into office, he had no previous knowledge of the making of the atomic bomb (Donovan, 1977, p.45). However, much focus was placed on using this bomb because of how much time and money had been put into the project (Donovan, 1977, p.45). A major figure who helped push President Truman to use the bomb was former President Roosevelt (Donovan, 1977, p.47). During his time with President Truman, he contributed to the master plan by having crews trained to attack Japan with atomic bombs (Donovan, 1977, p.47).