Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome : Soybeans

1762 WordsNov 22, 20158 Pages
Soybeans are a part of the legume family and have several benefits to the world. Even though the average person doesn’t realize it, soybeans are a part of our everyday life. Soybeans can be used to feed our livestock or is simmering in grandma’s soup pan. They can also be detected in soaps, cosmetics and even vitamins. This tiny bean is an excellent source of protein and dietary fiber. However, there is one evil diagnosis that is out to cut the production of soybeans and that is Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome. Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS) has been a problem in soybeans across the United States. According to the Effects of Crop Rotation of Soybean with Corn on Severity of Sudden Death Syndrome and Population Densities of Heterodera Glycines in Naturally Infested Soil; there was 2.4 million tonnes of soybean loss in 2005 due to SDS (One tonnes is equivalent to 1.1 U.S. tons.). Sudden Death Syndrome is caused by two main pathogens, the fungus, Fusarium virguliforme, and the soybean cyst nematode, Heterodera glycines. Sometimes symptoms are confined to certain strips in the field. This may be due to soil structure and if there has been any previous infection of SDS in that field from the prior year. After a few weeks of growth, the diameter of the affected area can increase. However this is not always likely. It has been shown that heavy rains during reproductive stages of growth can cause the SDS to develop and ultimately flourish. The wetter the soil, the greater the

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