Spanish American War : The Spanish War

720 WordsApr 7, 20173 Pages
Spanish-American War The Spanish-American War was in 1898. It was an issue between the United States and Spain. The war began in the Cuban struggle for independence from Spain, which began in February 1895. Spain’s harsh measures to stop the rebellion were represented for the U.S. public by many newspapers, and American sympathy for the rebels rose. Spain announced an armistice on April 9 and speeded up its new program. Spain declared war on the United States on April 24, followed by a U.S. declaration of war on the 25th, which was made effective to April 21 (history.com). The war was practically one-sided, since Spain had neither its army or its navy for a war with the power of the United States. George Dewey led a U.S. naval squadron…show more content…
The diifficult Spanish Caribbean fleet under Adm. Pascual Cervera was located in Santiago harbour in Cuba by U.S. reconnaissance (history.com). An army of regular troops and volunteers under Gen. William Shaft, and including Theodore Roosevelt and his 1st Volunteer Cavalry, the “Rough Riders”, landed on the coast east of Santiago and slowly advanced on the city in an effort to force Cervera’s fleet out of the harbour (history.com). Cervera led his squadron out of Santiago on July 3 and tried to escape westward along the coast. In the occuring battle all of his ships came under heavy fire from U.S. guns and were beached in a burning or sinking condition. Santiago surrendered to Shafter on July 17, effectively ending the war. The United States was simply unprepared for war. The United States was understaffed, underequipped, and undertrained. The US troops arrived with heavy woolen coats and pants (uhistory.org). The food budget paid for substandard provisions for the soldiers. Victory in the Spanish-American War transformed the United States, a former colony, to an imperial power. Many Americans saw this development as a natural part of the nation’s “Manifest Destiny”--the belief that expansion of the United States was both right and inevitable. Opposition to this new role also existed. In June 1898, the American Anti-Imperialist League was formed to ght annexation of the

More about Spanish American War : The Spanish War

Open Document