When the Europeans arrived in the New World they treated the Natives of the land very poorly. A picture shows “Spaniards cutting the hands of Natives for not meeting the gold quota.”(Doc 1). After invading the Natives’ land and treating them with such harshness, it shows the negative effect on the New World when the Europeans came. Since so many countries wanted land in the New World they fought many wars with each other. An example of this is “England and France fought several wars against each other in an effort to gain more land in the New World.”(Doc 7). With all the wars going on between the countries and the people that died in the war, the attempt of colonization was also having a negative effect on Europe. One of the worst events that occurred due to colonizing the New World was the shipping of slaves. As people began to have crops and work to be done, they needed cheap labor. The slaves were brought through the Middle Passage in some of the worst conditions such as, “The closeness of the place, and the heat of the climate, added to the number in the ship, which was so crowded that each had scarcely room to turn himself, almost suffocated us.”(Doc 4). This shows that the slaves were mistreated not only when they would arrive in America, but also on there way to their
In this essay, I will compare and contrast how Spain, France, England, and America viewed and interacted with Native peoples differently as they colonized North America. It is reported that roughly three hundred and fifty thousand Native Americans called the area known today as Florida home, when Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon landed his fleet of ships on the coast in the early 1500’s. As we have discussed and learned when the Native people were colonized by outsiders it was not a great day. The Natives of Florida were not immune; war, slavery, disease, and extremely low child birth rates took a devastating toll on the Florida tribes. A charter penned by Ponce de Leon, known as the encomienda, granted Spain the ability to enslave the Natives of Florida. Forcing them to work in the crop fields and essentially making them the major labor force; constructing and designing the buildings occupied by the Spanish. The oppression did not end there. Around the middle of the 16th century the Native people were declared to be free, but only on paper. The Spanish royals felt that the Natives needed to educated in the ways of Catholicism, and those that did not want to conform could be punished up to and including death.
The European exploration and colonization had a strong impact on North and South America. It also had a pretty big impact on Europe too. Both were introduced to new food, animals, and other items. The people of North and South America gained knowledge and were taught about a new religion. Europe also grew gaining more money, land, and people. So this interaction became beneficial for both and for humanity as a whole.
The importance of racial hierarchy in the sense of European colonization efforts can largely be linked back to power and control. One of the greatest tools that the Europeans had in their conquests in the Americas and Africa was their use of religion as a means of rendering the native peoples that they intended to take advantage of docile. Essentially, it seems that in the cases where European explorers were easily able to spread their religion, as opposed to meeting resistance, they more or less treated the natives as relative equals because their goals were already being met without having to apply excessive pressure. This can largely be seen with the shifting views towards native Americans by various European countries and the treatment
Africa and the Americas became the first areas of the world to experience significant consequences from European expansion. Both experienced demographic and biological changes, political confusions, and the introduction of new trade patterns, religions, and technologies. (site). However the depth and extent of the European impact was also totally different for each region. It is said that African was affected and the Americas were transformed.
Over 100 years ago, Europeans colonized Africa and it was not in the Africans favor. The year is 2030 and the United States are thinking about colonizing South America. The United States should not colonize South America. The United States will take resources from the country, the country will lose traditional cultures and lastly result in deaths.
In the wake of the deaths of native Americans from European sent microbes from that that they had no immunity, the Spanish colonists turned to commerce Africans. A racist and gross misunderstanding of this event posited that the majority Indians couldn't be bond thanks to their love for freedom, whereas continentns were wont to having their labor controlled by “big men” in Africa. This dangerous read lined a basic truth of early
There are many differences in the way that the Portuguese, Spanish, French, and English colonized their land. Their land was either colonized for trade, profit, and religious freedom. The colonization of their land came with diligent work due to the fact that when colonizing most did not succeed on their first try. There are struggles with opposing colonies trying to fight over land that both places want for themselves. The best part about this is the land they receive can be used for valued goods.
The history of the conquest and colonization of the Americas is very complex. The social, economic, and political issues and circumstances that took place many years ago are the foundation of who America is today. Most Americans do not realize how many people were affected by immigration, or understand the real struggles and sacrifices that the indigenous people and the colonists made for the freedoms we have today. During these historical events, many cultural, social, and economical events were impacted.
This new global system, with the conquest of the Americas at its core, gradually and greatly enriched Western European powers. From an economic perspective, Europeans were able to reap the benefits of extremely cheap labor, free and abundant land, rich natural resources, and abundant markets around the world to sell their products. The conquest and settlement of the Americas is the key starting point for understanding the rise of European economic and imperial power. The newfound wealth of the Americas clearly set the stage for the economic ascendance of Western Europe beginning in this era of
European exploration in the New World marked a new era, and the beginning of colonization in the America’s. As soon as the Dutch, French, Portuguese, and Spanish touched the New World, changes in trade, technology, and population became prominent. Changes were shared between all communities; such as changes in local and international trade, changes in agricultural techniques, and changes in race, slavery, and social systems.
Almost 300 years ago to the day, a hurricane destroyed 11 Spanish ships off the coast of Florida. Now, this in itself would be a tragedy, but the vessels were part of Spain’s Tierra Firme and New Spain fleets, which acted as transportation for gold, silver, and other precious metals. The ships would often take these resources from the Spanish colonies in the New Word back to Europe.
The history of the colonies focuses primarily around the struggle between the global superpowers during that time period, Spain and Britain, to win control of North America. Prior to 1763, these entities battled over territory on the continent, eventually leading the Britain’s dominance. The economic, social, and political differences between the Spanish and British colonization efforts created the opportunity to Britain to overtake North America.
The world as we know it could not exist without the influence of Spanish, French, and English colonization. Each of great European Colonies share some similarities with one another but all varied greatly in structure, dominance, and influence. This essay will break down many of the aspects that made up each colony which will lead to a better understanding of what American Colonial life was like.
The discovery and eventually conquest of Latin America and the Caribbean Islands is perhaps one of the single most important encounter of two cultures. In 1492, when the conquistadores first set foot on the New World, not only did they discovered territories previously unknown to them; but also great civilizations who inhabited the lands. As Marshall Eakin describes in his book The History of Latin America, the civilizations of the Americas were “monarchies led by powerful leaders… they were built in complex social and cultural systems” (Eakin, 65). Nevertheless despite the Native American’s great achievements, these civilizations possessed a great amount of disadvantages compared to their Spanish conquerors. Such disadvantages played a decisive role in the conquest of the New World by the Spaniards. The conquistadores’ main decisive factor in the conquest of the New World was the transferal of old world diseases into the new world, followed by their superior weapons, the Indigenous rivalries, native superstitions, and the aid of black slaves.