Spanish Reconquista And The Formation Of Spanish National Identity

1654 WordsNov 10, 20147 Pages
Candidate Number: GDYL5 Total amount of words: 1675 ELCS6015 – The Middle Ages And the Formation Of European Cultures The Spanish Reconquista and the formation of Spanish national identity During the times the Iberian Peninsula was ruled by the Muslims and was called Al-Andalus, Christians, Jews and Muslims coexisted in harmony in the Caliphates. However, the understanding of Spain as it is understood today did not exist. It was because of the Christianisation of the peninsula and the Reconquista that Iberia was reimagined as something more similar to what we understand today as Spain and Portugal. In this essay I intend to explain how this happened, which historical figures were key to this event and…show more content…
Whether this battle is real or an invention from some scribe in the eleventh or twelfth Century is uncertain, but it is doubtfully key to the understanding of the cult to the saint, since the legend tells that he appeared to King Ramiro I on a dream promising his victory over the Moors, and even after being severely injured in a previous battle by the enemy army, they took victory over their foes . One of the biggest collections of iconography is in the Santiago de Compostela cathedral, where a large collection of pictures and sculptures dress the building with his image . Perhaps the most recognizable figure of the whole Reconquista is El Cid Campeador, a Castilian nobleman who regained the city of Valencia in 1094. Almost everything we know about him comes from texts dating over a century and a half after his death, so there has been speculation about if he was indeed a real man or just a legend, although this seems to be completely speculated since there is proof enough to say with almost all certainty that he indeed existed . He gained the city of Valencia in 1409, only to be lost again three years after his death . Still, his image was still very present and magnified in the subsequent years, inspiring all kinds of art and literature, such as the very significant Cantar del Myo Çyd, the oldest preserved epic poem, which tells his story. Despite being loss after his death, the city of Valencia was won again by Jaume I El Conqueridor (The Conqueror) in 1231 and
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