Special Education

2147 Words9 Pages
According to the democratic theory postulated by Amy Gutmann, citizens should be entitled to make rules that govern educational policies at national levels. These policies should reflect the ongoing scrutiny of the liberal principles of nonrepression (education may not proscribe deliberation pertaining to any particular set of rational ideas) and nondiscrimination (parents nor educators may espouse practices that may deter children from partaking in a democratic education). Importantly, the discretional power of these citizens should be constrained by those fundamental principles of nondiscrimination and nonrepression. The realm of special education and its historical background in conjunction with the many facets of nondiscrimination…show more content…
Only through extensive advocacy and incessant effort by supporters of nondiscriminatory practices was the Federal government able to intervene and decide court cases in favor of the plaintiff’s who sought equality in society. In fact, one 1950’s court decision revolutionized the realm of special education and helped positively effectuate today’s legal standard of nondiscrimination and equality.
The most significant landmark desegregation case that catalyzed special education reform in the United States was Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954). In the summer of 1950, Oliver Brown and other African-American parents attempted to enroll their children in a “white elementary school” in Kansas. However, the parents were informed that their children must enroll in an African-American school. The parents being enraged decided to file suit against the Topeka Board of Education. Brown and other parents then sought the NAAP (National Advancement of Colored People). However, the state court of Kansas denied Brown and the NAAP due to the stipulations of the Plessy V. Ferguson doctrine which allowed separate but equal schools. The NAAP decided to appeal the case to the United States Supreme Court. Interestingly, during this time court cases in other states similar to the Brown case were being contested. The states that commenced these cases were Delaware, South Carolina, and Virginia. These states in addition to Kansas of the Brown case
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