Special Students With Disabilities And Culturally Diverse Needs

862 Words4 Pages
“People of goodwill built the system we have today. People of goodwill can work together to build a better system going forward” (Freedman, 2012). Special educators face many ethical and moral challenges everyday. There are three areas challenge a special educators morals and ethics: inclusion, serving students with disabilities and culturally diverse needs, and access to grade appropriate general education curriculum for students with severe intellectual disabilities. Before discussing the present, let us look at the past to understand the future. During the 1970s, it is estimated around 20% of students with disabilities were receiving an education from a public school (Yell, 2012). Children with special needs were first provided access to public education programs with the signing of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA) of 1975. The reauthorization of EAHCA changed the name to Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) and included the ideas of free appropriate public education (FAPE). FAPE should be defined in a child’s individual education plan (IEP) (Freedman, 2012). FAPE brings to mind inclusion. IDEA has made it illegal to not include children with disabilities in public education. The current idea of inclusion means involves the child with disabilities spending his/her day in the general education classroom (Yell, 2012). Ethically, teacher must make sure the child is receiving the most appropriate education and least restrictive environment
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