Species Extinction And Habitat Destruction Have A Negative

1039 WordsApr 29, 20175 Pages
Species extinction and habitat destruction have a negative impact on sustainable food systems, making this a very unspoken yet important issue. To have sustainable food systems we must change our ways of producing food for our dramatically growing population. This research paper will provide examples of extinct species, and habitats that have been demolished. I will be comparing and contrasting why they might be of importance, especially when relating to sustainable food systems. The relationship between forests, species, and sustainable food will be explained as well. There are already many critical effects of extinction and destruction, and if this issue continues to expand it will have fatal consequences. When species become extinct and…show more content…
Morgan Clark writes that, “Based on various studies that try to estimate Madagascar’s previous forest cover, Madagascar has lost between at least 50 percent to about 90 percent of its forests throughout human history.” This is a significant loss in only one area of the world. It is unsustainable for at this rate the forests may become extinct themselves. Though forest destruction is a huge contributing factor of species extinction, it also impacts much more than one might think. One major cause of deforestation is from “conflict over land rights [which] tend to be caused by increased population growth and a need for more land mostly for agricultural production (Johnson and Chenje, 2008)” (Clark). Among each different allocation by global forest ecosystems, “especially important are the roles of forest in the global carbon cycle and in biological diversity where forest are habitat to approximately 2/3 of all species (WRI, 1997; FAO, 1999; Groombridge, 1994)” (Cassel-Gintz, M., and Petschel-Held, G.). When trees are cut down, burned, or decomposed, it produces excessive carbon adding to the problem of global warming. Burning trees may seem positive at first for the ash from the burning of the trees fertilizes the soil and makes crops easy to plant at the beginning of the next rainy season (Klein, 2002). However, after a few seasons, the soil quality begins to
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