Speech Disorders : Speech And Language Disorders

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Speech Disorders A speech disorder occurs when a person has problems with his or her voice or is unable to produce speech sounds correctly. Difficulties pronouncing sounds, articulation disorders, and stuttering are examples of speech disorders (“Speech and Language Disorders and Diseases”, 2016). Some of the common speech and voice disorders in adulthood include Dysarthria, Apraxia, and voice disturbances. Dysarthria is when a person has an ongoing difficulty expressing certain sounds or words. They have poorly pronounced speech (such as slurring) and the rhythm or speed of speech is changed. Dysarthria has many causes which include alcohol intoxication, Dementia, neuromuscular diseases, Facial trauma, Facial weakness or tongue weakness, head trauma, head and neck cancer surgery, nervous system disorders that affect the brain, poorly fitting dentures, side effects of medications that act on the central nervous system, stroke, or a Transient ischemic attack (“Speech impairment (adult): MedlinePlus medical encyclopedia”, 2016). Apraxia of speech is a motor disorder. The messages from the brain to the mouth are disrupted and the person cannot move his or her lips or tongue to the right place to say sounds correctly, even though the muscles are not weak, Apraxia can occur in conjunction with dysarthria or aphasia (language difficulties related to neurological damage). Apraxia is caused by damage to the parts of the brain that control coordinated muscle movements, such as a
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