Sports Events as Means of Promoting Tourism and Economic Growth

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Evidently, sport events have been used by regimes to promote tourism and economic growth within the host region (Dobson, 2000). As previously mentioned, the desire to host such events is often associated with city regeneration and the perceived economic benefits (Getz, 2005; Hall, 2004; Misener & Mason, 2008 Misener & Mason, 2009). In the United States, the media often reports most international sport events as having significant positive impacts (Wilson, 2006). Nonetheless, the magnitude of the event’s impacts, either positive or negative, are often dependent on the event’s size (Taks, Kesenne, Chalip, Green, & Martyn, 2011). Large events are often thought to attract media attention, investment and subsequent economic growth; however, they are also associated with negative impacts such as the disruption of local businesses, crowding out effects and overspending. Solberg and Pruess (2007) noted that regional economic benefits are sometimes lost due to the large expenditures on event-related infrastructure. Negative impacts associated with small or medium-sized events may not be as apparent due to the relative low cost compared to large events (Mondello and Rishe, 2004). According to Gratton, Dobson and Shibli (2000) sport events can be categorized as either type A, B, C or D. Type A events such as the Olympic games are one-off, international mega events that are perceived to have a significant economic impact and attract mass media attention. For the purposes of this

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