Sports Nutrition: The Study and Practice of Nutrition and Diet

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Sports nutrition is the study and practice of nutrition and diet as it relates to athletic performance. It is concerned with the type and quantity of fluid and food taken by an athlete, and deals with nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, supplements and organic substances such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats. It is essential to maintain a healthy, well-balanced diet combined with athletic training to reach maximum performance potential. “Nutrient timing is a strategic approach to how much, what, and when you eat before, during and after training and competition to maximize training effects, reduce risk of injury, maintain healthy immune function, and help with recovery”(Skolnik 3). When you decide to eat in relation to when you decide to exercise is all part of the system known as nutrient timing. What, how and when you eat will all affect someone’s performance during athletic training. Different foods will have a different effect on the body depending on what time food is consumed and what types of exercise is being performed. With the right nutrient timing you will be able to take advantage of the different chemical reactions inside the body to help build muscle, maximize energy storage, help with fatigue, promote endurance and speed up recovery. All in all with eating healthy foods at the right time will help athletic performance during training and also help achieve maximum strength gains. Many athletes contemplate on the use of taking dietary supplements to
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