Sports Stars: 1919 Black Sox Scandal Essay

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Sports stars are public figures. Their fame can make us join charity work and causes to change the world we live in. The star power of a professional sport can even bring together a divided nation. President Nelson Mandela was successful in bringing together a divided nation through a national sport in the 1995 Rugby World Cup. Like in South Africa, America’s game of baseball is a sport that is part of our culture. From the Civil War to the War in Afghanistan, from pick up games played on sandlots to fantasy baseball played on the computer, baseball’s tradition is directly related to America’s history.
The Black Sox Scandal was probably the most famous scandal in the history of baseball. Although betting on baseball and having “fixed” games in the regular season was “normal” in the early 20th century this was something no one had ever seen. The Scandal occurred in 1919 when 8 of the players from the Chicago White Sox had lost the World Series to Cincinnati Reds. “Shoeless” Joe Jackson, Eddie Cicotte, Claude “Lefty” Williams, Buck Weaver, Arnold “Chick” Gandil, Fred Mcmullin, Charles ”Swede” Risberg, and Oscar “Happy” Felsch were given money for completely losing the World Series in 1919 to the Cincinnati Reds.

They were given the money from William Burns who had the previous connections with the White Sox Players as he pitched for Chicago in his short 5-year career. Billy Maharg was another Gambler who had underground gambling ring connections. Arnold Rothstein was the…