Sports and Fitness Center

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CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION/ BACKGROUND “Sport means all forms of physical activity which, through casual and organised participation, aim at expressing or improving physical fitness and mental well-being, forming social relationships or obtaining results in competition at all levels.” Despite the volume of evidence indicating the benefits of sports and regular physical activity for health and functioning, people with disabilities are far less likely to engage in physically active lifestyles than are people without disabilities. Promoting moderate levels of physical activity among people with disabilities is an important goal for public health and public policy, as regular physical activity improves…show more content…
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES A. HISTORICAL OVERVIEW Sport for athletes with a disability has existed for more than 100 years. In the 18th and 19th Century contributions were made which proved that sport activities were very important for the re-education and rehabilitation of persons with a disability. After World War I, physiotherapy and sports medicine became as important as orthopaedic and internal surgery. Sports clubs for deaf were already in existence in 1888 in Berlin. The world organization of sport for the deaf -CISS- was founded in 1922. Nevertheless, the deaf were never involved with other disabilities and organized, and still organize, their own world games; the Silent Games. Sport for persons with a physical disability was introduced after World War ll, with its large number of injured servicemen, -women and civilians. In researching new methods to minimize the consequences of their immobility, it provided a new and great possibility for reviving the idea of sport as a way of treatment and rehabilitation. In 1944 Dr. Ludwig Guttmann opened, at the request of the British Government, a spinal injuries center at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital. A new approach introduced
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