St. Thomas Aquinas And The Catholic Church

1682 Words Nov 21st, 2016 7 Pages
Luther Vs Aquinas
Nick Pascuzzi

TH 3000
Dr. Campbell
11/21/2016

St. Thomas Aquinas, was born near Naples, Italy, in 1225. Educated in the Dominican Order in Paris and Cologne, he devoted his life to the knowledge of God. He died in 1274, was canonized in 1323. In 1567 he was proclaimed a Doctor of the Universal Church (NCE 14:13-29).
Martin Luther, was born on the 10th of November in 1483 in the Holy Roman Empire. He was baptized as Catholic, but he became a significant figure in the Protestant Reformation. He was a professor of theology, writer, and a monk who dedicated himself to the Augustinian order. He died on the 18th of February in 1546 and was buried in Wittenberg.
Between the times of Aquinas’ birth and Luther’s death was a 300 year period of decline in the Catholic Church. While these two people lived centuries apart, they both significantly contributed to the Catholic Church in many ways, some similar and others very different.
Aquinas was truly a theologian rather than a philosopher even though he is often thought as a philosopher. He never truly characterized himself as a philosopher. Nonetheless, much of his work consists of philosophical topics, and is characterized as philosophical most of the time. Aquinas ' philosophical thought has exerted enormous influence on Christian theology preceding him, especially that of the Roman Catholic Church.
Aquinas writes about many of his theories on faith and reason in the Summa Contra Gentiles, De…
Open Document