St Thomas Aquinas And The Relationship Between Faith And Reason

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Located in the period of the Middle Ages, the 13th century was marked by several events including various crusades, the foundation of Franciscan and Dominican mendicant orders, the institution of the Inquisition and the resumption of Constantinople by the Greeks. It also indicates the emergence of universities and the introduction of Greco-Arabic knowledge in these by Albert the Great. Since Christianity was at the center of medieval society, the intellectual life was marked mainly by scholasticism, the basis of which was the study of the Bible. This century has known great scientists, explorers, painters, theologians and philosophers; and from that same century springs a theological genius, pupil of Albert the Great. A theologian of the Franciscan order, but also a philosopher, St Thomas Aquinas. He has produced works on various themes; however, we will focus our attention on the relationship between faith and reason. If St Thomas Aquinas represents an essential reference in the Christian world for the relationship between faith and reason, he was not the first to open this theological debate. It has gained momentum thanks to the Arabs, although it has existed since the beginning of Christianity. Indeed, in the twelfth century two other monotheistic philosophers, Avérroès and Maimonide, respectively Muslim and Jew had produced work on the relationship between the two concepts. Let us say that the XIIIth century was the one of the improvement of the thoughts present during
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