Stages Of Children 's Development

1367 WordsMar 6, 20176 Pages
Preschool children’s development is particularly different within the period of early childhood because their play behavior develops dramatically. They may play independently but within close proximity. We learned the five types of play, Parten talks about in her article, which are Solitary Play, Onlooker Play, Parallel Play, Associative Play, and Cooperative Play. In addition, Parten also found that different ages correlate to the type of play preschool children engage in. For example, older preschool children are most likely to engage with one another and play cooperatively to complete one given task. Likewise, she talks about how “younger children are more likely to have lower IQ’s and play by themselves with no goal in mind.” On the…show more content…
265). Children with poor language abilities, for instance, have difficulty in understanding someone from another individual’s point of view. Two-year-olds are more relatively egocentric than five or six-year-olds. Therefore, it is hard for the younger preschoolers to play together or cooperatively. Furthermore, two-year-olds have a different mindset when it comes to ideas and opinions than five year olds. In continuation, Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development across preschool years explains that children are learning to take more initiative. Likewise, this may involve inviting a friend to play or proposing a game of make believe, allowing them to adapt more skills through their preschool years. As you can see, the way pre-school children socially participate has largely to do with their age and developing communication skills as they age. Therefore, social play is correlated with age. In this present study, I examined the different levels of play among preschool children. Based on the research reviewed, I expected children to move toward an increasingly cooperative play as their age increased. Method A group of intro psychology students observed preschoolers at the Rollins College Developmental Center. There were seven males and six females between the ages of two and five. On Friday, February 17th from 9am-9:50am I observed K, a 53- month old female. The
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