Stages Of Human Cultural Diversity

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Human Population Concept Check

Part 1: There have been 3 major steps in human cultural evolution. Explain which stage of human cultural evolution is best for a watershed and how the other two have negatively impacted the watershed.
There are four stages of human cultural evolution: Hunting and gathering, agricultural, industrial, and advanced industrial. The preindustrial era was best for the environment because it had little negative impact on the environment. Specifically, the hunting and gathering stage of human cultural evolution was best for a watershed because of its minimal effect on the environment. The population of hunters and gatherers was small due to natural forces causing them to have a low demand for resources (Chiras, 2016). Therefore, they were able to live off renewable resources and did not have a problem with limited resources. The main food source of hunters and gatherers were fruits, seeds, and berries they picked, as well as animal meat obtained from hunting. These allowed them to live in harmony with the organisms in the environment without causing extinction of animals and plants. Furthermore, the lifestyle of hunters and gatherers was comfortable and sustainable. They were well fed, experienced low disease rates, did not have to perform many laborious tasks. Humans in hunting and gathering societies lived as a part of nature and had little impact on their environment making it the best stage of cultural evolution for a watershed (Chiras,
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