Stages Of Patients With Bicuspid Aortic Valve

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Introduction AS can occur in the congenital period or later in life, but is more common in adults due to lack of exercise, and nutrition causing calcium buildup. If it is congenital it will occur within the first eight weeks of pregnancy, which the cause is unknown. In a child with AS, the pressure is much higher than normal in the left chamber pumping. Blood that has leaked back into the left ventricle through the valve in between heartbeats, causing the ventricle to be enlarged. There are three stages of AS. Stage A occurs in patients with bicuspid aortic valve or aortic sclerosis who are symptom free but are at risk for AS. In stage B people have progressive AS with mild or moderate calcify valve leaflets, leaflets mobility, or mild or…show more content…
Although rheumatic fever is becoming rare in the United States, problems do not arise until five to ten years after the fever occurs. Symptoms Symptoms do not occur until the advanced stages of the disease has occurred, such as your physician hearing a heart murmur, and performing tests. Symptoms include • Heart Failure • Syncope and Dizziness- which reflect decrease cerebral diffusion. • Dyspnea and decreased exercise tolerance- which contributes to diastolic dysfunction with an increase in left ventricular filling pressures with exercises. • Angina Pectoris- which is swelling of the chest. • Chest pain • Fatigue • Persistent Cough (may be bloody) • Heart palpitations • Fainting, and weakness • Symptoms for children also include poor feeding and failure to gain weight. It is important to contact a doctor immediately if these symptoms occur due to the severity of the illness. Diagnoses AS is diagnosed with a physical examination including a systolic ejection murmur (which is the first clue to the presence of AS). AS is also detected via echocardiogram. A Chest radiograph is performed when people display heart failure and dyspnea. Carotid pulse is analyzed to reflect the obstruction to blood flow into the peripheral arterial circulation caused by AS. Precordial Palpation is the cardiac impulse at the apex of the heart. Cardiac Auscultation the leaflets is associated with reduce mobility and delayed closure. Echocardiography which is transthoracic and
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