Stalin: Modernising the Ussr

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Stalin: Modernising the USSR Joseph Stalin is now remembered as one of the most ruthless and powerful dictators of all time. His regime was one of terror and oppression, and resulted in the deaths of millions of Soviets. As a young man, Stalin was involved in the revolutionary movement against the Russian monarchy. In 1904, he met Lenin at the first national Bolshevik conference in Finland before becoming the delegate to the Social Democratic Party. His job was to gather support for the Bolshevik cause among poorer workers. In the period after the revolution of 1905, Stalin led fighting squads in bank robberies to raise funds for the Bolshevik Party. Stalin was appointed a member of the Bolshevik Central Committee in 1913. He then…show more content…
Each region was told its targets. It then allocated specific targets to different factories. The managers gave the tasks to the workers. If targets were not reached workers would be punished. Similarly, good workers were well-rewarded. There were actually medals for the best workers of the year. The plans seemed complicated, but were divided in such a way that every worker knew exactly what he had to do. Each five-year plan dealt with all aspects of development: capital goods (those used to produce other goods, like coal, iron, and machinery), consumer goods (e.g. chairs, carpets, and irons), agriculture, transportation communications, health, education, and welfare. The emphasis varied from plan to plan according to the circumstances. The First 5-Year Plan (1928-1932): Here, Stalin emphasized on the production of what was known as group A goods. These included machinery, weaponry, chemicals, and heavy industries (coal, iron, oil, and electricity). He believed that they were necessary for the security of the USSR against Capitalism. The USSR had a rich supply of natural resources. Most of them were located in very cold regions, so were never minded. Stalin sent workers and built cities from nothing. Huge steel mills appeared and a hydroelectric plant was constructed to supply the energy needs. In only four years, 50% of the USSR had been industrialized and national income had increased from 27 billion roubles to 45

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