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3. Assess the impact that Stalin had on Russia and the Russian people During his rule of Russia from 1928 until 1953, Joseph Stalin made decisions and had characteristics that left both long term and short term impact on the country and its people. One of the biggest impacts made by Stalin on Russia was the Industrialisation of the country; Stalin’s reasons for doing this were mainly down to the fact that Russia was still a backwards, poor, impoverished country when he came to power in 1928. Stalin wanted to change this, and make Russia into a modern, industrial and high power nation. In order to fulfil his aims, Stalin introduced new industrial areas in places such as Kusbass and the Fergana Valley, which were previously not industrial…show more content…
This left an impact on peasants, as it was different to the more independent lives they had previously leaded. However, collective farms also provided peasants with hospitals and crèches, which meant that workers could quickly be made healthy if injured or ill, and women could also work as their children were being looked after. While this may have just been to enable more workers provide more food for the cities, it also meant that what peasants would have previously maybe struggled to have was given to them. Schools were part of collective farms, and during this period of collectivisation many peasants were educated and literate, leaving an impact on those peasants as they now had a proper education. However, while some of these short term impacts benefitted peasants, for the Kulaks, slightly more wealthy and affluent famers that had previously thrived in Lenin’s government, life was made much harder due to Stalin’s “dekulakisation” policy. Stalin used the Kulaks as a scapegoat for anything and everything that went wrong, becoming a class enemy of everyone. This meant that during Stalin’s rule many Kulaks faced the impact of being shot or deported or taken to labour camps. Children of Kulaks would often be bullied by the children of other peasants, and often became outcasts of communities, leaving a lasting impact on their lives. Stalin’s use of terror by setting up the NKVD, a secret police organisation, and also the

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