Stalin 's Success And Failures Of Collectivization

987 Words4 Pages
Stalin’s launch for collectivization marked the beginning of what was often described as a third Russian Revolution (Davies, 1980). The threat of war in 1927 alongside a grain crisis in 1928 influenced Stalin’s collectivization ideas to turn into actions. This essay will discuss Stalin’s drive for this launch. It will cover both economic and political reasons as well as the effects it had on peasants and the overall Soviet state. The successes and failures of collectivization will be compared in the short-term and long-term. It will also go over whether a different approach would have given better, more efficient results. A statement of why this launch was not necessary will conclude this essay. Following the first signs of a possible threat of war from Britain in the Spring of 1927, the divide between Stalin and Bukharin in the Bolshevik party became more clear. In response to the cease of preexisting relations between the British police and USSR as well as the bomb planted in Leningrad that was traced back to British intelligence, Stalin, without Bukharin’s backing, opted for rapid industrialization. The country was not only at war with the outside world, but also at war with itself (Viola 1999: 21). Stalin responded to these threats with ideas to expand the economy, and improve defence and industry. However, the peasants’ response to war resulted in increased consumption levels, following with a drop in grain marketings (Viola 1999: 21). Stalin accused the peasants of
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