Stalin 's The Soviet Union

900 Words4 Pages
Stalin’s “revolution from above” reshaped the Soviet Union through his many policies including his Five Year Plans, industrialization and collectivization. The Soviet Union was transformed from technologically backward to industrialized. Carter’s view that history is driven from above or from below relates to Fitzpatrick and Bailes’ essays because they show that Stalin’s policies to create a new elite were prompted by the social mobility of the working class. The education of the working class and the fact that the Communists were mainly working class prompted Stalin to put anti-intelligentsia policies in place in order. The working class became more educated and technically skilled while also being promoted to higher, more powerful administrative positions. Praktiki were those who were promoted without being formally educated because they were loyal to Stalin and had practical experience. This shows that the new elite was created through the upward mobility of the technically educated and those who were not. Stalin’s polices were created as a result of what was happening in the working class. The creation of the new elite shows that while this elite acted as the administration and policy makers of the Soviet Union, they had come from below, the working class. The social mobility of the lower classes may have caused them to be more supportive of the government and this would influence the history of Russia as a whole. The elite was created by Stalin and was aimed to
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