Staphylococcus Aureus, Or Mrsa

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Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA is a possibly fatal strain of Staph aureus that is resistant to many antibiotics. MRSA is unable to be killed by all beta-lactam antibiotics. This includes all penicillin’s and cephalosporin’s. There are two known type of MRSA. The most common type is nosocomial MRSA or HA-MRSA. Which is a strain found in hospitals, nursing homes, ect. The second type is community acquired MRSA or CA-MRSA. This strain of MRSA infects individuals who have not been in a hospital setting and are typically quite healthy (Minnesota Department of Health). With each type there are differences and the ways they are transmitted. When it comes to the nosocomial MRSA hospitalized patients are at higher risk for becoming infected. Many hospitalized patients have IVs, catheters, and surgical openings that make them very susceptible to becoming infected. The bacteria can enter into underlying tissue and it becomes very easy for the patients to become infected. Also, quite a few patients are taking some sort of antibiotic and this reduces the natural flora of the body and that makes it easy for the bacteria to enter the body and cause an infection. Some of the signs and symptoms of patients with HA-MRSA includes: abscesses, cellulitis, or other skin and soft tissue infections. Most of the abscesses are filled with pus, red-swollen area surrounding it, and also may be warm to the touch (Minnesota Department of Health). The abscess is usually very
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