State Is the Most Important Actor in World Politics

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The State is the Most Important Actor in World Politics Introduction In the modern tumultuous world of politics, nation states were and still are very crucial players. Whether they are the most important actors or not is the pivotal point of this essay. The point has been discussed with reference to two paradigms of international relations theories namely realism and liberalism. There are several strands of these two theories but arguments have been built on focusing the common assumptions of each theory. Arguments have been illustrated by citing international events that occurred in the recent Arab uprising. Besides, examples from other international affairs involving the United States…show more content…
In pursuit of national security, states strive to attain as many resources as possible. States are unitary actors each moving towards their own national interest. There is a general distrust of long-term cooperation or alliance (Mearsheimer, 2001). State and its national interest are the main actors in long-term cooperation or alliance as we see in successful implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the EU. Although the EU is facing a crisis recently originating in some member states like Greece, Portugal and Ireland. On the other hand, distrust and conflict of interests among states stand in the way of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) to achieve the desired outcome. The state’s importance in world politics in a realist paradigm can be aptly illustrated by the US. The US has taken advantage of its current superiority to impose its preferences wherever possible, even at the risk of irritating many of its long-standing allies. It has forced a series of one-sided arms control agreements on Russia, dominated the problematic peace effort in Bosnia, taken steps to expand North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) into Russia 's backyard, and become increasingly concerned about the rising power of China. It has called repeatedly for greater reliance on multilateralism and a larger role for
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