State Park Impact

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This paper examines the impact of state park systems on nature recreation in the United States and how state’s demographics affect the economic impact of state parks in the US. The author uses 5 time-use surveys done from 1975 to 2007 and data from the National Association of State Park Directors’ Annual Information Exchange. The results of the fixed effects analysis used in the paper show that demographics have a limited effect on visitation to state parks in the US. While the economic impact of state parks is calculated to be $14 billion annually based on the 2.2 billion hours of nature recreation state park systems generate in the US. Nevertheless, a couple of factors, “park density per capita” and leisure hours spent per person per week,
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