Statistical Applications

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Running Head: WATSON AND PALEY: COMPARISON AND CONTRAST Watson and Paley: Comparison and Contrast Penelope K. Gates RNBC HCS350 Jean Watson received her nursing diploma from “Lewis-Gale School of Nursing” in Roanoke, VA, in 1961. She went on to complete her undergraduate and graduate studies at the University of Colorado. She obtained a “PhD” in educational psychology and counseling in 1973. Her primary work has been in the psychiatric field of nursing. Dr. Watson has taught many nursing courses through the years as well as did research and wrote numerous books and articles. Most of her work since 2000 has been on her theory and philosophy of caring. She has traveled and lectured across the world, studying and lecturing on her…show more content…
Friedrich Nietzsche was a philosopher in the nineteenth century from Germany. Even today is philosophy is questioned and continues to be controversial. His views on morality and religion were the cause for much discussion in his time. Nietzsche “challenged the foundations of Christianity and traditional morality” (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2010). His writings had a provocative style and to this day no agreement has been reached regarding the meaning. To compare the work of Jean Watson and John Paley is like comparing mud and water. Watson believes that caring is essential for the healing process. Paley finds that there is not enough fact based evidence. Paley believes that the idea related to “care ethics” (Paley, 2011, p. 242) has not been established or proven true by theorists. He speculates that there may be an authoritarian or paternalistic attitude involved when using the caring theory with patients. In contrast, Paley disagrees with not only Watson’s theories but also other theorists. Paley states that the theory’s only serve as a theoretical discourse. He has presented criticism on almost all of the nursing theories. Paley states in a book review of a book written by Martha Alligood and Ann Tomey that the theories are vague and not competitive with other theorists (Paley, 2006, p. 276). Watson’s theory and beliefs about nursing are considered to be philosophy of
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