EXERCISE 29 t-TEST FOR INDEPENDENT GROUPS I
STATISTICAL TECHNIQUE IN REVIEW
The t-test is a parametric analysis technique used to determine significant differences between the scores obtained from two groups. The t-test uses the standard deviation to estimate the standard error of the sampling distribution and examines the differences between the means of the two groups. Since the t-test is considered fairly easy to calculate, researchers often use it in determining differences between two groups. When interpreting the results of t-tests, the larger the calculated t ratio, in absolute value, the greater the difference between the two groups. The significance of a t ratio can be determined by comparison with the critical values in a…show more content…
In addition, the researchers conducted a chart review of each participant 's medical record. In this study the results showed that “compared with men, women used more evasive and supportive coping and rated psychologic aspects of the heart disease as more problematic to manage. More women perceived available support from friends and grandchildren, and more men perceived available support from their partner. Women rated lower levels in physical and psychologic dimensions of quality of life” (Kristofferzon et al., 2005, p. 39).
Relevant Study Results
“A consecutive series of patients was selected from the medical records in 1 hospital between August 1999 and July 2001 for women and between August 1999 and August 2000 for men. With regard to a lower incidence rate of MI in women, a longer selection period was needed for them…. We decided to include 100 women and 100 men to have a comfortable margin for dropouts.
“An introductory letter, informed consent form, and questionnaires were mailed to eligible subjects 1 month after an acute MI. After 1 week, the first author phoned the patients. Those interested in participating returned the signed consent form and the completed questionnaires to the investigator within 1 to 2 weeks. The same questionnaires were mailed to