Std Sexually Transmitted Diseases

2219 Words Mar 10th, 2011 9 Pages
Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

The Basics
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), also called sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are diseases and infections that are passed from person to person through sexual contact. HIV is an STD. There are more than 25 other STDs that are mainly spread by sexual contact such as vaginal, anal, and oral sex. The US has the highest rate of STDs in the developed world. In the US, about 19 million new infections occur each year. Teenage girls and young women need to be particularly aware of STDs. A recent study estimates that 1 in 4 teenage girls (aged 14-19) have an STD. African- Americans girls and young women have some of the highest rates of STDs, especially for chlamydia and gonorrhea. In
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Other types cause infections in the genital area that can lead to genital warts, cervical cancer, or cancer of the vulva, vagina, anus, and penis. Genital HPV is spread easily through skin-to-skin contact during vaginal or anal sex. Condoms do not totally prevent transmission. HIV+ people are more likely to be infected with HPV than HIV-negative people. HIV+ people with HPV are also more likely to develop genital warts, as well as cervical or anal cancer. It is important to detect HPV early and get treatment to prevent health problems. Regular Pap tests are a good way to detect HPV. There are also two HPV vaccines. Young people should get vaccinated before their first sexual contact (before they have been exposed to HPV). People who are already infected with HPV are not protected by the vaccines. For more information, see TWP info sheet on HPV.

This bacterial STD can be spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Symptoms may include a yellowish or greenish vaginal discharge and a burning feeling when urinating. Gonorrhea can also affect the anus and the throat. Many women have no symptoms. Gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics. If left untreated, it can cause PID and infertility. All sexually-active women should be screened for gonorrhea.

Hepatitis is an inflammation (irritation) of the liver. Some types of hepatitis are caused by viruses and can be sexually transmitted, including hepatitis A (HAV),
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