Stella Ting-Toomey: Understanding Culture, Communication, And Language

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Part A)
When trying to understand the quotes from Edward T. Hall and Stella Ting-Toomey it is essential to understand culture, communication and language as they are coherent.

Firstly, culture is defined as a system of patterns of traditions, beliefs, values norms, meanings, and symbols that are shared by interacting members of a community (Ting-Toomey, C. Chung, 2012:16). In addition, Edward T. Hall writes that “[…] any culture is primarily a system for creating, sending, storing, and processing information” (Hall, 1998:53). However, these values, norms etc. cannot be shared or understood by others if the communication is not effective. Therefore, the quote from Edward Hall “Culture is communication and communication is culture” (Hall, 1959: 169), states that the meaning of the words culture and communication cannot be perceived or work in practice without each other.
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Chung, 2012:112-113). For instance, through Stella Ting-Toomey’s quote “Language can imprison us, but it can also set us free. Language is a taken-for-granted aspect of our communication” (Ting-Toomey, 1999, p. 84), we can understand that if we cannot decode the denotative meaning of the words and apply the message to the cultural context which the encoder wants to communicate the meaning of, the message may be understood in a completely different way than intended (Ting-Toomey, C. Chung, 2012, p. 114). Thereby, we can either misunderstand or be misunderstood if we do not see language as an important aspect of
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