Essay on Stem Cell Research

2318 Words May 18th, 2010 10 Pages
Stem Cell Research
Recently, there has been quite a lot of controversy among the media regarding the topic of stem cell research, its pros and cons, but what is this controversy really about? The term “stem” cells can be compared with another much known term: “differentiated” cells. The importance they bring to the humankind is that of the hope of new medical advancements being deposited into these cells because of their amazing capability to develop in almost any type of cell. For example, spinal cord cells that have been injured or neural cells in our brains that may have a certain type of disability would now be treated with these stem cells. Or, when talking about cancer, a disease that is nowadays affecting lots of people, especially
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For example, the presence of a fairly stable population of human cells can represent an enormous benefit for the industry of the pharmaceutics, because this would allow them to test new drugs in quite normal, live human cells that would also give them the advantage of testing the final results first in animals and then in humans. It is believed too that these special cells may augment the precision of premature drug tests, and, at the same time, they can help to reduce not only the cost but also the need to use animals for these tests. Moreover, the fact that we have the opportunity to know more characteristics pertaining the specialization and modification of these unique cells would be an advantage when trying to help in the treatment and cure of two very common diseases nowadays, which are cancer and birth defects. The problem with these illnesses is that, for example, doctors or scientists that study cancerous cells have detected that this type of cells kind of go back to be less specialized and developed cells and therefore they lose their ability of multiplication, while those who are in charge of researching about birth defects have detected that in this case, some cells do not succeed in the task of becoming their projected tissue type. These are the reasons why,

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