Essay on Stem Cell Research

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Stem cells are cells that go through mitosis and separate into special cell types. Stem cells have the capacity to renew by their selves, resulting in more stem cells. Stem cells are capable of performing a specific task, such as regeneration and replacement of a damaged or a diseased tissue. There are billions of cells, all with their own music. As the brain develops, it turns out they're pretty harmonious—an orchestra of keyboards (Zerhouni, 2).The two broad types of cells are embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells. Embryonic stem cells are kind of like “all purpose” type. They can specialize and become any kind of body cell. The Adult stem cells are tissue-specific type and can function with certain types of body cells only.…show more content…
In this technique they take a woman’s egg and then they remove the nucleus. Then you take out a nucleus from a somatic cell of another person. Then they insert the nucleus of the somatic cell into the egg cell from which we took out the nucleus. Then they derive stem cells form that and those are the genetic match. So pretty much they are supplanting the nucleus from a somatic cell to an egg cell. A potential application of stem cells is making cells and tissues for medical therapies. In the modern world, organs and tissues that are donated can be supplanted with diseased or destroyed ones. Unfortunately, we have the number of people needing a transplant exceeding the number of organs available. Pluripotent stem cells offer a source of replacement cells and tissues to treat a variety of diseases, conditions, and disabilities including Parkinson's disease, blood cancer, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, spinal cord injury, burns, heart disease, diabetes, blood disorders, and arthritis. Anyone suffering from these common diseases or disorders can be benefited from the stem cell research applications. There are many arguments when talking about stem cells research. Some are for it and some are against it. The pros are that stem cell research can potentially treat or prevent various types of medical conditions and diseases. It could lead us to better treatment and possibly cure certain

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