Stem Cells And Its Effect On Human Cells

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Stem cells are cells that have the ability to generate other cells. If research continues going the way it is now stem cells could potentially reduce the need for insulin in diabetics and treat various conditions and diseases. The discovery of stem cells, how they differentiate and their potential use in medicine are very important stories. Stem Cells can be obtained two different ways, one from embryos, which are called embryonic stem cells, and one from adults, called adult stem cells. Stem cell turn into different cell types depending on the cells around them.
Stem cells can turn into many different types of cell, depending on the conditions around them. The cells around them send out chemical signals that tell the stem cells what type of cell to turn into. Some of these types include blood cells, cartilage cells, fat cells, nerve cells, absorptive cells, goblet cells, Paneth cells, enteroendocrine cells, follicular cells, epidermal cells, muscle cells, and neurons. In order to make specific cells, scientists change the environment that the cells are in. they do this by surrounding the stem cells with the desired replicated cell. In 1998, scientists discovered a method to derive stem cells from human embryos by extracting a mass of cells and then growing the cells in the laboratory.
Stem cells were discovered by Martin Evans, Matthew Kaufman, and Gail R. Martin. The first time stem cells were extracted, they were from a mouse embryo. Back then the only use for stem
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