Stem Cells And Its Effect On The Body During The Initial Process Of Growth And Development

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Stem cells develop itself into various types of cells inside the body during the initial process of growth and development. Coupled with it, stem cells also play the role of an internal recovery system, in which it replicates itself limitlessly to stocks up the rest of the cells till the individual remains alive. When a stem cell multiplies itself, every new cell produced has the ability to perform the functions of a stem cell or may become some other sort of cell with greater and better well versed function, for example red blood cell, muscle cell, or a brain cell. There are two basic factors which differentiate Stem cells from other varieties of cells; firstly, they are those kinds of cells which can give rise to one or more different…show more content…
(Thomson JA et al, 1998). In 2006, scientists went a step ahead by figuring out certain circumstances under which specialised adult cells could be genetically “reprogrammed” to suppose a stem liked form. This innovative kind of stem cell is called the induced Pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). (Klimanskaya et al 2006). Stem cells are of immense importance for living beings for various reasons. In blastocyst, which is a 3 to 5 days old embryo, the internal cells bring improvements in the structure of the organism entirely, inclusive of many types of cells and body organs like skin, eggs, lungs, heart, and other tissues. Separate amounts of adult stem cells in adult tissues like muscle, bone marrow, and the brain, bring in replacements for those cells which are damaged or lost due to injuries, usual wear and tear, or other diseases. (Haider, HKh; Ashraf, M, 2005). Due to their distinctive ability to regenerate, stem cells have the potential to treat illness like heart diseases or diabetes. However, a lot research and experiments are still needed to identify the ways in which these stem cells can effectively be used for cell based therapies to overcome these diseases, also known as regenerative medicine. (Goldstein, Ron 2007). The body of knowledge regarding cell development has considerably furthered due to research into the field. Light has been shed on how single organism develops and how damaged cells
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