Stem Cells And Stem Cell Research

Decent Essays
Could you imagine having someone close to you who needed nonspecialized cells which have the potential to create other types of specific cells in order to survive? Those cells are called Stem Cells and they are very crucial to develop organisms. Stem cell research is a subject that most people in the world have a different viewpoint on. Some view the issue of stem cell research and stem cell therapy as morally wrong and a crime against humanity, others view the study of stem cells as the next step in modern science (Reeve.) I think in some twisted way, stem cell research can be useful. Eighteen years ago a man named James Thomson discovered what we call “Stem Cell Research.’ He first discovered stem cells by using ES cells from an Old World monkey (the rhesus macaque) and a New World monkey (the common marmoset), this work is what led to the derivation of human ES cells in 1998 (Thomson Article). After this discovery, his research lab was dedicated to establishing human ES cells only. After many years of research, Thomson found a new research that now focuses on understanding how a cell can maintain or change identity, how a cell chooses between self-renewal and the initial decision to differentiate, and how a differentiated cell with limited developmental potential can be reprogrammed to a pluripotent cell (Thomson Article p2). Once the word of stem cells came to light, the subject began to get brought up worldwide. It started to be normal to hear people
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