Stem Cells And The Ethics Behind Their Use

1606 Words Nov 16th, 2015 7 Pages
Stem Cells and the Ethics behind their Use
Stem cells have the capability to become any type of cell. This process is possible because they are unspecialized and can divide to create new cells through cell division. Stem cells have the ability to become skin cells as well as organ cells (Stem Cell Information, 2015). There are two different types of stem cells which can be used in various ways. The first of the two is the embryonic stem cell which is found inside the embryo within its first few days (Embryonic Stem Cells, 2015). The embryonic stem cell is found in the inner mass of cells of the embryo in its earliest stage. It can be used for many different experiments most involving research to cure diseases of the heart and nervous system (Embryonic Stem Cells, 2015). The second is the adult stem cell which can be found in most tissues and organs. An adult stem cell’s main job in the body is to repair and maintain the cells that they were found with. There are many applications for stem cell research including human development, toxicology, and transplantation medicine, however, are the methods of gaining these cells ethical? Human development research refers to pregnancy loss in young and older women. The embryonic stem cell can be used to determine developmental issues that can arise during pregnancy. For instance, genes are known to be turned on and off during development (Stem Cell Information, 2015). When this is done at the wrong time it can lead to abnormal growth…

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