Stephen Hawking

1703 Words Jun 23rd, 2006 7 Pages
Stephen Hawking has been hailed as one of the most brilliant theoretical physicists since Albert Einstein. Hawking was born on January 8, 1942, which as he likes to point out is the 300th anniversary of Galileo's death. Hawking originally studied at Oxford University in England studying physics even though he would have preferred math. He moved onto Cambridge University to work on his PhD in cosmology. Hawking's career has focused upon the cosmic entities known as black holes, and has extended to specialized areas such as quantum gravity, particle physics, and supersymmetry. A field of study that Stephen Hawking is known for is cosmology. Cosmology is the metaphysical study of the origin and nature of the universe. A brief synopsis …show more content…
(Wikipedia 2005) More recently, scientists at NASA think that they may have developed a way to view proof of Quantum Gravity, if it does indeed exist. This year, NASA is scheduled to launch their Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST), which "...may be able to detect for the first time the effects of quantum gravity in the speed of gamma-ray burst photons..." (Wanjek 2005) Two scientists as NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center theorize that the gamma-ray bursts which will be detected by GLAST might possibly be "...powerful enough and distant enough to see the highest of the high-energy photons traveling slightly more slowly than lower-energy photons, weighed down by the effect of quantum gravity." (Wanjek 2005) Only time will tell, but one thing is certain; Hawking and other Quantum Gravity researchers will be keeping their eyes peeled for the results. In the 1970's Hawking proposed that during the big bang, 13.7 billion years ago, local pockets of the Universe could have been dense enough and under enough pressure to form small black holes. According to his theory, these primordial black holes could have had masses as large as the Earth or as small as a single raindrop. (Freedman, 2005) Basically, he believes that the beginning of real time was a singularity and all of the matter in the Universe would have been on top of
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