Steps Involved in Processing of Data

1699 Words May 12th, 2013 7 Pages
STEPS INVOLVED IN PROCESSING OF DATA IN RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Introduction After the collection of the data has been done, it has to be then processed and then finally analyzed. The processing of the data involves editing, coding, classifying, tabulating and after all this analyzation of the data takes place.

Data Processing The various aspects of the data processing can be studied as follows

1. Editing of data: – This aspect plays a very vital role in the detection of the errors and omissions and then helps to correct these errors by which ,the degree of accuracy, consistency and homogeneity are increased. By this method, coding and tabulation of the data is done and also scrutiny in a very careful manner of the completed
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Tabulation can be of two types simple or complex. Simple tabulation has the ability to answer questions based on one characteristic of the data while in the case of the complex tabulation two way tables or the three way tables are obtained two way tables are those which are having the ability to give information about two characteristics of the data and in the same way the three way tables are those which give information about three features of the data. But a very essential point to be kept in mind here is that in both these tables the characteristics should be interrelated.

Characteristics of a table –

1. Should be given a particular number, distinct in nature which will help in its easy reference.
2. Should have a clear and concise title and the title should always be above the body of the table.
3. Should be given captions and stubs, which should be clear and concise and easy to follow.
4. Units of measurements that may be used should always be indicated.
5. Should be relevant to the requirements of the research study.
6. Should be logical, clear and simple.
7. No abbreviations should be used.
8. Information about the source from where the data has been taken should be provided at the bottom of the table.
9. Should be very accurate in nature.
10. Explanatory footnotes with the help