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Stereotype Threat African Americans

Decent Essays
Results from numerous studies suggest that African Americans are likely to experience stereotype threat related to performance in Caucasian dominated tasks. Steele & Aronson (1995) conducted a study that examined the effects of stereotype threat of African Americans on standardized tests. The participants included African American and Caucasian Stanford University students who completed a modified version of the verbal GRE examination (Steele & Aronson, 1995). Participants were randomized into two testing groups, the diagnostic condition, which tested intellectual ability and exposure to stereotype threat, and the non-diagnostic condition, which involved laboratory problem solving tasks unrelated to stereotype threat (Steele & Aronson, 1995).…show more content…
Additionally, participants were reminded that following the test they would receive feedback on their strengths and weaknesses. For participants who were assigned to the non-diagnostic-only and non-diagnostic-challenge condition, the purpose of the study did not reflect a reference to verbal ability (Steele & Aronson, 1995). Both non-diagnostic conditions were told that the true purpose of the study was to assess psychological factors related to verbal problem solving tasks (Steele & Aronson, 1995). Participant’s performance was measured using a modified GRE examination, which consisted to 30 verbal items (Steele & Aronson, 1995). Moreover, the total number of correct answers on the examination were analyzed. Following the examination, all participants were asked to complete an 18 item self-report measure of their thoughts related to personal worth and academic competence (Steele & Aronson, 1995). The data showed that African American participants underperformed Caucasian participants during the diagnostic test, but not the non-diagnostic test, showing that the effects of stereotype threat on performance were greater for African Americans (Steele & Aronson,…show more content…
82 male and female undergraduate students from Princeton University were randomly assigned to a sports intelligence condition, or a racial primed/not primed condition (Stone et al., 1999). Participants who were assigned to the sports intelligence condition read instructions that stated that the true purpose of the test was to measure personal factors that were related to the ability to think strategically during the performance of a task (Stone et al., 1999). Participants who were assigned to the racial prime/no prime condition were given instructions that stated the purpose of the test was to measure psychological factors that were related to general sports performance (Stone, Lynch, Sjomeling & Darley, 1999). Additionally, all participants were asked to fill out a five-item self-report measure on anxiety along with a demographic questionnaire where they were asked to indicate their age, race, gender, and year in school (Stone et al., 1999). This demographic questionnaire was presented first for the racial primed condition and last for the condition that did not receive any racial priming (Stone et al., 1999). During the performance task, participants were given a golf club and ball and were asked to hit the ball into one of three holes using the fewest strokes possible (Stone et al., 1999).
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