Stereotype Threat And Its Effect On Social Group

836 WordsDec 9, 20144 Pages
When reminding individuals about the existing stereotype on a specific task of their social group and their membership in this specific social group, these individuals perform worse on the specific task (Steele & Aronson, 1995 in Krendl, Richeson, Kelley, & Heatherton, 2008). This phenomenon is called stereotype threat. Stereotype threat is stated as the performance reducer when a negative stereotype message about someone’s own group is made salient to evaluate the performance and any of the member’s actions that conform the stereotype making it credible as a self-characterization in the eyes of others, and mainly in one’s own eyes (Steele & Aronson, 1995). During a a stereotype threat situation the person experiences the feeling of threat, in which they fear or are afraid to get judged based on negative stereotypes of their social group or to unintentionally confirm the negative stereotypes regarding their social group through their own behavior. Stereotype threat can be understood as the pressure for high performance, which leads to a reduced performance under certain circumstances. Stereotype threats, as shown in many studies, impact the performance in solving complicated mathematical issues for women (Krendl, Richeson, Kelley & Heatherton, 2007), the rating of athletic performance and game intelligence of Caucasian and African American basketball players (Stone, Perry, & Darley, 1997), or the test results of African- American student athletes in cognitive tasks
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