People from black communities are undoubtedly overrepresented in the forensic mental health system, this anomaly is impacted heavily by the fact that the system seriously disadvantages black people within their remit (Narco, 2007; Department of Health, 2003). African-Caribbean people are more likely to receive coercive forms of care, spend longer in hospital and experience greater rates of transfer to higher security facilities (NIMHE, 2003 cited in Vige, 2005). Figures show that, at each heightened level of security in the psychiatric process, black people are increasingly overrepresented, from informal to civil detention, and then in detention on forensic sections within the courts and criminal justice system. Evidence, establishing the…show more content… Black people are excessively socially excluded and as with crime, mental illness is associated with social exclusion. (Racism in Mental Health, 2005). Discrimination is imbedded within practices resulting from ways in which the services are organised, in the case of staff they are in charge of diagnosing and selecting criteria’s for treatment, they focus on indicators of dangerousness seen to be found in black patients (Wade, 1993). White patients within the system also manage to remain the dominant population because of the stereotyping of black patients as dangerous and the social exclusion of black staff by management (Wade, 1993).
High Profile Cases
Restraint may on occasion be the only intervention capable of protecting individuals from serious harm. Black patients are likely to be subject to this because of the stereotype that they are naturally violent and aggressive. Concerns about violence are validated, but it would appear that racial biases in perceptions of dangerousness influence the management of black patients (Barnes & Bowl 2001; Spector 2001 cited in Keating & Robertson, 2004). This is borne out by the fact that, in a study comparing black and white patients, despite having lower scores on aggressive behaviour, black patients were perceived as being more dangerous (Bhui 2001 cited in Keating & Robertson, 2004). Orville Blackwood, was