Sternberg 's Triarchic Theory Of Human Intelligence

867 Words Apr 23rd, 2017 4 Pages
Sternberg 's Triarchic Theory of Human Intelligence
History of the Intelligence Theory
The history of Sternberg 's Triarchic Theory of Human Intelligence can be traced back to 1977, 1985, and 1995. Robert Sternberg 's principal proponent of this intelligence theory. He developed the theory when he was teaching at the Yale University. His aim was to establish how education could enhance creative intelligence (experiential), analytical intelligence (componential), and the practical intelligence (contextual). The analytical component helps students to break down the problem, process the information, and solve it. Analytical skills are essential since they help the student to compare different social issues and make an informed conclusion.
…show more content…
In 2003, he served as the President of the American Psychological Association. Sternberg has made a significant contribution to psychology, having written more than 1,600 articles and several books.
Research supporting the validity of the theory.
There have been several studies that seek to test the validity and reliability of the Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory. In one study Sternberg (2000), examined how the method of delivery of content in school affected academic performance. The conducted study was in Raleigh, North Carolina and another one in Baltimore, Maryland, and Fresno, California. The student sample in Raleigh, North Carolina was mostly from low-income families, totaling 225. The other sample was of students from middle to upper-middle class families, totaling 142. The test involved teaching by using three primary methods. In the first one, students had no interventions with the teaching, with the main purpose was to memorize. In the second group was taught how to analyze the information. In the final group had applied the analytical, creativity, and practical strategies for the teaching. The students tested, and the last group (infused creativity, analytical, and practical interventions) outperformed the rest. Similar studies have same yield results, which demonstrates the validity of Sternberg 's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence (Grigorenko,
Open Document