Stolen Egyptian Artifacts

1836 Words8 Pages
It was 2011 when Cairo’s Tahir Square erupted with a revolution against the government’s leader, President Hosni Mubarak. Fires caused by the friction from the protesters, the police, and the civilians trying to stop the violence, spread the destruction up to the doorstep of the National History Museum. In a desperate attempt to save the museum and it’s artifacts, civilians linked arms and hands to form a human barrier between the protestors and the country’s national treasures. Despite the brave efforts by those who wanted to protect the museum, 50 relics disappeared that night. Unfortunately those were not the first artifacts to be taken out of Egypt; they only add to the growing number. Egypt has been almost begging for foreign…show more content…
The first pyramid was actually not in Giza (where the Sphinx and the Great Pyramids are) but near the capital of Memphis. Imhotep commision his pyramid to be built for his burial. King Khufu is the pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid at Giza as his tomb. The other two smaller pyramids at Giza were for the pharaohs Khafra (Khufu’s predecessor) and Menkaura (Khafra’s predecessor). When the Age of the Pyramid Builders came to an end in 2181 b.c.e., the First Intermediate period began. During this period the kingdoms split again only to be reunited again by Mentuhotep. The Middle Kingdom began in 2055 years b.c.e. and major trade was started with the kingdom in Nubia, Syria, and Palestine. During the Second Intermediate period (1786-1567 b.c.e.) a war was launched between the native Thebans and the invading Hyksos. The Hyksos eventually were led out of Egypt. The New Kingdom (1567-1085 b.c.e.) was a long period of time where the kingdoms were united. This was the period where the biblical figure Moses led the Jewish people out of slavery in Egypt during Ramses II ruled. This was also where the Valley of the Kings was first used. This was a royal burial ground for Egyptian pharaohs and their families. The Third Intermediate period (1085-664 b.c.e.) was unfortunately not thoroughly documented due to a tedious war with the Assyrians. The Late period was when Egypt was finally overtaken by Alexander’s conquest and
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