Stony Brook 386

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2) What was the role of tribes in the rise and fall of dynasties in the Middle East according to Ibn Khaldun?- According to Ibn Khaldun the rise and fall of the dynasties in the middle east can be directly correlated to the different social structures that tribes would embrace. Which will lead to a better military structure. Compare and contrast the organization of the Arabian tribes with that of the Turko-mongolian tribes of inner asia? The Arabian and turk0- monoglian had some similarities but they also had many differences I will first start with their similarities. Both the Arabian tribes and turko-mongolian consisted of nomadic people, they were a stateless society, with no formal government. Now let me talk about their…show more content…
- I will first start by talking about the ottomans military organization its consisted of Janissarys who were military and administrative workers, next came the siphihi who were the Calvary, and the last element was the timar holders who were land owners and calvery. The ottomans political organizing was a patrimonialism bureaucratic empire which had a grand vizier, a chancellor, and a judiciary. Patrimonial bureaucratic empire meant that everything was centered on the sultan. How did Ibn Khalduns pendulum become unhinged in the Ottoman Empire? – The biggest thing that led to Khalduns unhinging was the strengthen of the Ottoman Empire. Through the Muluke option the ottomans empire army grew very solid and strong and was able to conquer a lot of land. Which caused a land reform to happened were land was assigned to the loyal Calvary and the last thing leading to the unhinging is the new social structures takes out the nomadic way of life people start settling in villages and being to farm. Compare the strengths and weaknesses of the Safavid and Ottoman states. Compare “patrimonialism” and “historical bureaucratic empires” in the Ottoman Empire and Iran.- Patrimonialism was treated like the property of the king. The ottomans have a centralizing army, political organization, and military strength. The Safavid
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