Strategic Contigencies Model of Power

3291 Words Oct 27th, 2011 14 Pages
Strategic Contingencies Model of Power
R. A. Williams
BA590 - Organizational Behavior, Grantham University
July 5, 2011

The Strategic Contingency Theory is expostulated such that when an organization confronts a problem that threatens its existence the sub-unit that has the ability to successfully manage the problem will gain power and influence. This theory posits three variables to illustrate the exercise of power: uncertainty, substitutability, and centrality. Identified herein is a discussion of sub-units controlling contingencies of another’s activities and thus drawing power from the dependency created. It is proffered that the most effective strategic model of power is one that utilizes different skills as the
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The dominating power brokers will either adapt themselves to address the new threats or they will be replaced by new powerful claimants with the requisite abilities. These new claimants will attempt to solidify their power and establish their legitimacy by formulating rules and policies that promote their processes, methodologies, and longevity.
The power exercised by these new powerful claimants and their influence generally produce results that are beneficial to the organization through improved performance. However, the successful inception of a new power base, created to address the organization’s critical problems, leads to the diminishing influence of these same new powerful claimants. The elimination of environmental challenges lessens the dependency of other sub-units and their reliance on the new claimants, just as earlier changes weakened the previous regime. Should the organization not evolve and continue to rely upon dated methods or policies, it will lose competitive strength through decreased profits and the attrition of quality personnel. Consequently, power may be described as transitory; that is, influence and control continually shift among power brokers realigning to meet the challenges of ever-changing environments, both internal and external, and of varying complexities.
It is through anticipation of, the observations of,